Nutritionnist-Reasercher in Nutrition/Health at University Felix Houphouet Boigny Abidjan Ivory Coast, Expert Consultant Trainer at the Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene of Ivory Coast, Consultant Country in Nutrition, Consultant Trainer International in Nutrition at Bioforce Afrique, specialist in Nutrition public Health, Author of 8 articles, 3 communications and a book in Nutrition/Health (Title : Weaning flour and malnutrition in Developing Countries published in European Academic Editions online on AMAZON), corrector of articles at science PG group ( Issue Malnutrition in Developing Countries)
Introduction: Specialized food products (SFP) such as PlumpyNut, Sup Plumpy and Corn Soya Blend are unequally distributed in areas with high prevalence of malnutrition in Ivory Coast. Services providing these products often experience shortages that not only endanger children who are undergoing nutritional treatment and especially those who should have access to them. One of the reasons for these breaks is the shortage of the raw materials necessary for the manufacture of these products. The diversification of these raw materials is therefore a way to explore. This study aims to evaluate the nutritional performance of diets based on local products in the nutritional management of malnourished rats. Material and methods: The experiment was carried out in two stages: Rats are fed for 10 days with the \"Anagobaka\" to induce malnutrition, The nutritional rehabilitation of the malnourished rats was then carried out, for 21 days, with different regimes:Plumpynut control; Soybean maize (SOMA);Rice fish (POIRI); Pistachio rice (PIRI); Cowpea soybean millet (NISOMI); Cowpea soybean sorghum (NISOSO);At the end of the experiment, dry matter intake (DMI), total intake protein (TIP), weight gain (WG), Food Efficiency Factor (FEF) and protein coefficient ) of the different regimes are determined and compared with one another. Results: The MSI of the diets varied between 7.01 ± 0.93 and 5.45 ± 0.16 g / d. The highest MSI value was observed in SOMA and the lowest in PIRI. No significant difference (p > 0.05) was observed between POIRI, PIRI, NISOSO, NISOMI and plumpynut for MSI. Protein ingestion levels of SOMA, POIRI, NISOSO, control, NISOMI and PIRI ranged from 1.04 ± 0.43 to 0.83 ± 0.2 g / d. The control diets, POIRI, NISOSO, NISOMI and PIRI showed no significant difference (p > 0.05). The malnourished rats submitted to the different rehabilitation regimes have all regained weight. The growth performances of the registered SOMA, POIRI, Control, PIRI, NISOMI and NISOSO regimes were respectively 2.82, 0.73 g / d; 2.69, 70.85 g / day; 2.64 ± 0.61 g / d; 2.03 ± 0.48 g / d; 1.99 ± 0.72 g / d and 1.89 ± 0.29 g / d. The mean weight gain of the diets showed no significant difference compared to the control (p > 0.05). The Food Efficiency Factor for diets varied between 0.45 ± 0.05 and 0.33 ± 0.06 while PEs ranged from 2.90 ± 0.11 to 2.05 ± 0.39. The control diets, POIRI and SOMA showed no significant difference for the FEF and for the PEC (p > 0.05).Conclusion: The DMI, TPI, WG, FEF and PEC have allowed the evaluation of the growth performance of malnourished rats under different regimes. The results indicate that experimental diets have similar or even better performances than plumpynut. The most efficient regime is soybean maize (SOMA). Further studies are needed to verify whether the consumption of these diets has no pathological consequences for the regulating organs of nutrition.
Zhinzela Qyli has completed the Faculty of Medicine and specialization in Microbiology in the University of Tirana, Albania. She is lecture in the Nursing Department of Fan S Noli University, Korca and is following the doctoral school in the Faculty of Technical Medical Sciences, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania.
Statement of the problem: Nosocomial infections are a major world public health problem. Infectious agents transmitted during healthcare derive primarily from human sources but inanimate environmental sources also are implicated in transmission. The purpose of this study is to estimate the microbiological pollution levels of samples taken from the environments of the Regional Hospital of Korca, Albania. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: This is a study of the potential bacterial reservoirs in the Hospital of Korca. A total of 1701 samples were taken from different wards of the hospital. 316 samples were taken from the sterilized materials, 184 samples from the laundries, 238 samples from the healthcare workers, 640 samples from the surfaces, 135 samples from air and 188 samples from the systems of intubation-aspiration-oxygen. The samples were cultured in Blood and Sabouraud agar. The microbial identification was done with microscopy after Gram coloration, colonies morphology and biochemistry. Findings: Resulted positive for microbial contamination 30 (9.5%) of samples taken from the sterilized materials, 56 ( 30.4%) of samples from the laundries, 79 ( 33.2%) of samples from healthcare workers, 174 ( 27.2%) of samples from the surfaces, 8(5.9%) of samples from air and 46 (24.5%) of samples from the systems of intubation-aspiration-oxygen. Conclusion & Significance: Samples with higher percentage of microbial contamination resulted from the samples of health care workers. Recommendations: Health care workers must be sensitized on public health risk of nosocomial infections associated with their contaminated hands, clothing and nose-throat.